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***Remember: If you can see or smell smoke, there is a health problem!***



Click here for the Berkeley CEAC-LBL Woodsmoke Modeling



The American Medical Association says: "Air Pollution can affect every organ and system in the body."



A special thanks to a reader for sending on this information



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20458016  2010 May 10


It is the opinion of the writing group that the overall evidence is consistent with a causal relationship between PM(2.5) exposure and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This body of evidence has grown and been strengthened substantially since the first American Heart Association scientific statement was published. Finally, PM(2.5) exposure is deemed a modifiable factor that contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19079718  2008 Jul 31



Exposure to fine airborne particulate matter [< or =2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5))] has been associated with cardiovascular and hematologic effects, especially in older people with cardiovascular disease. Some epidemiologic studies suggest that adults with diabetes also may be a particularly susceptible population.


These data demonstrate that PM(2.5) exposure may cause immediate endothelial dysfunction. Clinical characteristics associated with insulin resistance were associated with enhanced effects of PM on endothelial function. In addition, participants with greater oxidative potential seem to be more susceptible.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16225711 2005 Aug



Wood smoke inhalation causes severe ventilation and oxygenation abnormalities. We hypothesized that smoke inhalation would cause lung injury by 2 mechanisms: (1) direct tissue injury by the toxic chemicals in the smoke and (2) a mechanical shear-stress injury caused by alveolar instability (ie, alveolar recruitment/derecruitment). We further postulated that alveolar instability would increase with the size of the cumulative smoke dose.


We demonstrated that wood smoke inhalation causes alveolar instability and that instability increases with each dose of smoke. These data suggest that smoke inhalation may cause a "2-hit" insult: the "first hit" being a direct toxic injury and the "second hit" being a shear-stress injury secondary to alveolar instability.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17267905 2007 Feb 1


Long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution is associated with the incidence of cardiovascular disease and death among postmenopausal women.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8054078 1994;15


We conclude that the preponderance of the data suggest a causal relationship between elevated wood smoke levels and adverse respiratory health outcomes in young children.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20583895 2010 Aug;22


Results indicate a role for oxidative stress in COPD associated with wood smoke similar to that observed with tobacco smoking in subjects who ceased at least 10 years previous to this study.



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21719562 2012 Mar


OBJECTIVES:   Human exposure to wood smoke particles (WSP) impacts on human health through changes in indoor air quality, exposures from wild fires, burning of biomass and air pollution. This investigation tested the postulate that healthy volunteers exposed to WSP would demonstrate evidence of both pulmonary and systemic inflammation.

RESULTS:  At 20 hours after wood smoke exposure, blood tests demonstrated an increased percentage of neutrophils, and bronchial and bronchoalveolar lavage revealed a neutrophilic influx.

(Note:  Neutrophils are normally found in the blood stream. During the beginning (acute) phase of inflammation, particularly as a result of bacterial infection, environmental exposure, and some cancers, neutrophils are one of the first-responders of inflammatory cells to migrate towards the site of inflammation.)







Neighbors Feud Over Outdoor Wood Boiler

Posted by Danielle Quisenberry | Jackson Citizen Patriot October 09, 2008

After years of battling with his wood-burning neighbor, Roger Soldano says he is at last free of the cloud of smoke that covered his property for two heating seasons.

"It is just so nice to be able to breathe clean air," said Soldano, who lives off Hankerd Road near Mud Lake in Henrietta Township.

Jackson County Circuit Judge Chad Schmucker last week ordered Richard Cady to remove or make inoperable an outdoor wood boiler Cady had used since September 2006 to heat his home.

Wood boilers, increasingly popular in rural areas as energy costs rise, transfer heat through water lines from an outside structure to a home for both space and water heating. They are inexpensive alternatives to gas or propane heat, but inefficient polluters, experts say, and municipalities locally and elsewhere are enacting regulations.

The ruling seems to back regulators and could have implications on future boiler installations, said Mike Maillard, district engineer in the Jackson office of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality's Air Quality Division.

The judge also is prohibiting Cady from incinerating trash, debris and other materials in backyard burn barrels.

Cady had to — and did — comply with the preliminary injunction by Monday. It prohibits burning until the matter is settled before or after a trial scheduled for Feb. 25.

Cady declined to comment, saying it is because the case is pending.

"Roger and Mary Soldano and others will suffer irreparable harm from smoke and odors from such practices ... in the form of adverse effects on their health and loss of use and enjoyment of their property," Schmucker wrote in the Sept. 30 order.

In July, Jackson County Health Officer Ted Westmeier informed Cady his wood boiler, which sat about 180 feet downwind from Soldano's house, was a public health hazard.

Exposure to such a concentration of small particles found in the stove's emissions is associated with heart disease, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a Michigan Department of Community Health memo.

The health department tested on Soldano's property after he was hospitalized in March with chest tightness and shortness of breath, court records said.

Roger and Mary Soldano have suffered "significant respiratory problems," Roger Soldano said. "It's like having four diesel trucks next to your home."

In court filings, Cady called Soldano a "dictator" and the "neighborhood's bully."

Cady wrote that the boiler, a Woodmaster 4400 produced by Northwest Manufacturing in Red Lake Falls, Minn., is a tested appliance that passed an inspection.

When Cady bought the stove, there were no ordinances in Henrietta Township to regulate it. A unit now may not be constructed less than 300 feet from property lines, according to a new ordinance.

Other townships, including Liberty, Blackman and Hanover, have enacted similar ordinances, Maillard said.

Some jurisdictions, such as Jonesville and Coldwater, have banned them.



Lung Association Disagrees with Claim

March 28/2009


The March 16, edition of The Post-Journal included an article titled ''State Changing Burning Regulations'' which highlights proposed regulations regarding outdoor wood boilers. In the article, Assemblyman Parment is quoted as saying, ''... it's excessive regulatory framework for outdoor wood burners,'' and that, ''they're not causing any problems.''

With this the American Lung Association in New York could not disagree more.


Outdoor wood boilers are wreaking havoc across New York, polluting the air and making breathing difficult for New Yorkers forced to breathe the smoke they produce.

Wood smoke emissions contain components such as carbon monoxide, various irritant gases, and chemicals known or suspected to be carcinogens, such as dioxin. Burning wood in close proximity to residential housing, without setback or stack regulation, creates a corridor for dirty aid.


Without regulating the location or height of an outdoor wood boilers chimney, it is likely that the wood you burn may create toxic smoke that your neighbors are forced to breathe.

The health effects of wood smoke exposure include increased coughing, wheezing and asthma attacks, increased hospital admissions for lower respiratory infections, and difficulty breathing. Moreover, population studies have shown that young children are among those most likely to be affected. Wood smoke can also be linked with a variety of other health effects, including increased risks of emergency room visits and hospitalizations for cardiopulmonary conditions and premature death.


According to the American Lung Association's 2008 State of the Air report (www.alany.org), Chautauqua County received a failing grade for air quality with dangerously high levels of ozone. Add in the high level of particulate matter generated by outdoor wood smoke, and you have a recipe for dirty, dangerous air.

Simply said, the negative health consequences from outdoor wood boilers outweigh the money saved from heating with wood.

Michael Seilback

Vice President, Public Policy & Communications

American Lung Association in New York

Could your family be affected?

The inhalable particle pollution from one woodstove is equivalent to the particle pollution emitted from 3,000 gas furnaces producing the same amount of heat per unit.

— California Air Resources Board